Bloc Québécois

Canadian federal political party active only in Quebec

The Bloc Québécois (BQ) is a federal political party based in Canada that mainly believes and advocates Quebec should secede from Canada, also known as Quebec sovereignty.[1] The Bloc was created by Members of Parliament (MPs) from the national Progressive Conservative Party and the Liberal Party. They were angry that the Meech Lake Accord could not pass.[2] The party is considered to be center-left. The leader of the party is currently Yves-François Blanchet.

Bloc Québécois
LeaderYves-François Blanchet
PresidentYves Perron
FounderLucien Bouchard
FoundedJune 15, 1991 (1991-06-15)
Split fromProgressive Conservative Party of Canada, Liberal Party of Canada
Headquarters3750, Boulevard Crémazie Est Suite 502 Montreal, Quebec H2A 1B6
Youth wingForum jeunesse du Bloc Québécois
IdeologyLeft-wing nationalism
Quebec sovereigntism
Quebec Nationalism
Social democracy
Political positionCentre-left
ColorsLight Blue
House of Commons (seats in Quebec)
32 / 78
0 / 105


The Bloc was always the party with the biggest number of seats in Quebec between 1993 and 2011. They were usually the second or third biggest party in the House of Commons. The party won only four seats in parliament after the 2011 federal election. In the 2019 federal election, the party won 32 seats in the House of Commons.[3]

Party leadersEdit


  1. "Bloc Quebecois could change name as sovereigntist party looks to rebuild". The Canadian Press. Montreal: The Globe and Mail. November 5, 2018. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  2. Gall, Gerald L. (February 7, 2006). "Meech Lake Accord". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  3. Forrest, Maura (October 22, 2019). "Huge Bloc Québécois win shows a major shift in the province". National Post. Retrieved April 3, 2020.

Other websitesEdit