genus of plants

The term pear may refer to a number of fruits produced and consumed around the world, growing on a tree and harvested in the Northern Hemisphere in late summer into October. Its shape is a teardrop, the flavor of pears is best when they are cool. They are juicy. Pears do not ripen well on trees. They can be soft in the center. They can be baked, canned, frozen, or eaten fresh. They can be made into jams, jellies or juice. They can also be made into pies and put into salads or baby food. They are eighty three percent water. It has a green, red, yellow, or brown skin. The pear originated from Europe, Africa and Asia. Pear trees grow in heavy soil.

European pear branch with two pears
Pear fruit cross section
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Genus: Pyrus

About 30 species; see text

Pears are in the subfamily Maloideae with apples. It is a subfamily of the family Rosaceae.

Description change

The pear comes from the tree Pyrus communis, also called the common pear tree. The tree can be 10 to 20 metres (33 to 66 feet) high. They live an average of 65 years. It starts as a pyramid-shaped tree. As it grows becomes rounded. It ends up becoming oval. This tree has gray bark covered with cracks. Its leaves are dark green and 10 centimetres (3.9 inches) long. The flowers are pink or white and up to 1.5 centimetres (0.59 inches) long.[1]

The pear needs soil that is neither too dry nor too wet. It grows best in temperate and humid climates.

According to Pear Bureau Northwest, about 3000 known varieties of pears are grown worldwide.[2]

History change

The pear comes from Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It grew during the Neolithic era. Its standard form is the result of different hybridizations from wild specimens.

The pear was also cultivated by the Romans, who ate the fruits raw or cooked, just like apples.[3]

Images change

Related pages change

References change

  1. "pear - tree and fruit". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  2. "Pear Varieties". Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  3. Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne (2009). A History of Food. John Wiley & Sons. p. 573. ISBN 978-1-4443-0514-2.