Periodontitis is a set of diseases which usually attacks the tissues surrounding the teeth. Periodontitis in comparison with Gingivitis is a more severe inflammation, because not only it affects the tissues, but also, it affects the bottom of the teeth. If it is not treated at all, it may lead to a loss of teeth.
The word "periodontitis" comes from peri ("around"), odont ("tooth") and -itis ("redness").
Periodontitis doesn't just affect the gums and teeth, but reports have stated that it may increase risk of stroke. It is also related to memory problems for those over 60 years of age.
- ↑ Pussinen PJ, Alfthan G, Jousilahti P, Paju S, Tuomilehto J. (2007). Systemic exposure to Porphyromonas gingivalis predicts incident stroke. Atherosclerosis. 193(1):222-8. PMID 16872615
- ↑ Pussinen PJ, Alfthan G, Rissanen H, Reunanen A, Asikainen S, Knekt P. (2004). Antibodies to periodontal pathogens and stroke risk. Stroke. 35(9):2020-3.PMID 15232116
- ↑ Noble JM, Borrell LN, Papapanou PN, Elkind MS, Scarmeas N, Wright CB. (2009). Periodontitis is associated with cognitive impairment among older adults: analysis of NHANES-III. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 80(11):1206–11. PMID 19419981