Peter III of Russia

Emperor of Russia (1728–1762)

Peter III Fyodorovich (Russian: Пётр III Фёдорович, romanized: Pyotr III Fyodorovich; 21 February [O.S. 10 February] 1728 – 17 July [O.S. 6 July] 1762) was Emperor of Russia from 5 January 1762 until 9 July of the same year, when he was removed from power by his wife, Catherine II (the Great). He was born in the German city of Kiel as Charles Peter Ulrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (German: Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp), but he was a grandson of Peter the Great and a great-grandson of Charles XI of Sweden.

Peter III
Portrait by Lucas Conrad Pfandzelt, c. 1761
Emperor of Russia
Reign5 January 1762 – 9 July 1762
SuccessorCatherine II
Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Reign18 June 1739 – 9 July 1762
PredecessorCharles Frederick
BornKarl Peter Ulrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
(1728-02-21)21 February 1728
Kiel, Holstein-Gottorp, Duchy of Holstein
Died17 July 1762(1762-07-17) (aged 34)
Ropsha, Russian Empire
  • Paul I
  • Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia
FatherCharles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
MotherGrand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia
ReligionRussian Orthodox
prev. Lutheran
SignaturePeter III's signature