Tourists in front of Al Khazneh (The Treasury) at Petra
|Location||Ma'an Governorate, Jordan|
|Area||264 square kilometres (102 sq mi)|
|Elevation||810 m (2,657 ft)|
|Built||possibly as early as 5th century BC |
|Visitors||918,000 (in 2010)|
|Governing body||Petra Region Authority|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria||Cultural: i, iii, iv|
|Inscription||1985 (9th Session)|
Petra is believed to have been settled as early as 9,000 BC. It became the capital city of the Nabataean Kingdom. The Nabataeans were nomadic Arabs who used Petra because it was near the spice trade routes.
The Nabataean Kingdom became a client state of the Roman Empire in the first century BC. iIn 106 AD they lost their independence. Petra's importance declined as sea trade routes developed. Also, the 363 earthquake destroyed many structures.
The Byzantine Era led to the construction of several Christian churches, but the city continued to decline. By the early Islamic era only a handful of nomads lived in Petra. It stayed unknown to the world until it was rediscovered in 1812 by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.
Petra is Jordan's most-visited tourist attraction. Tourist numbers peaked at 1 million in 2010.
- "Management of Petra". Petra National Trust. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Browning, Iain (1973, 1982), Petra, Chatto & Windus, London, p. 15, ISBN 0-7011-2622-1
- Seeger, Josh; Gus W. van Beek (1996). Retrieving the Past: Essays on Archaeological Research and Methodolog. Eisenbrauns. p. 56. ISBN 978-1575060125.
- Glueck, Grace (17 October 2003). "ART REVIEW; Rose-Red City Carved From the Rock" – via NYTimes.com.
- "UNESCO advisory body evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-12-05.