study of language in written historical sources

Philology considers both form and meaning in writing, such as text or manuscript, and linguistic expression. It combines linguistics and literary studies.[1][2]

Classical philology is the philology of the Greek, Latin and Sanskrit languages.[3]

Any classical language can be studied philologically, and describing a language as "classical" is to imply the existence of a philological tradition associated with it.


  1. Ziolkowski, Jan (2010). On Philology. Penn State Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-271-04462-0.
  2. Peile, John (1880). Philology. Macmillan.
  3. University of Costa Rica Archived 2008-04-30 at the Wayback Machine (link in Spanish) has a career in Classical philology that includes Sanskrit, Latin and Greek.

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