Plant anatomy

study of the internal structure of plants

Plant anatomy or phytotomy is the study of the internal structure of plants.[1] This is usually considered distinct from plant morphology,[1] which is the study of the external parts of plants. Plant anatomy is usually studied with a microscope.[2]

Plant anatomy is the study of plant cells and tissues. Epidermis, pith, phloem, and cortex are plant tissues. Vascular bundles are a type of vascular tissue that contains phloem and other cells.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Raven, P. H., R. F. Evert, & S. E. Eichhorn. Biology of Plants, 7th ed., page 9. (New York: W. H. Freeman, 2005). ISBN 0-7167-1007-2.
  2. Evert, Ray Franklin and Esau, Katherine (2006) Esau's Plant anatomy: meristems, cells, and tissues of the plant body - their structure, function and development Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey, page xv, ISBN 0-471-73843-3