Plant morphology

part of botany

Plant morphology or phytomorphology is the study of the physical form and external structure of plants.[1] This is usually considered distinct from plant anatomy,[1] which is the study of the internal structure of plants, especially at the microscopic level.[2] Plant morphology is useful in the visual identification of plants.

A seedling of European beech. The first "seed leaves" are dark green in color. They have a different shape than the second pair of leaves which is light green.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Raven, P. H., R. F. Evert, & S. E. Eichhorn. Biology of Plants, 7th ed., page 9. (New York: W. H. Freeman, 2005). ISBN 0-7167-1007-2.
  2. Evert, Ray Franklin and Esau, Katherine (2006) Esau's Plant anatomy: meristems, cells, and tissues of the plant body - their structure, function and development Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey, page xv, ISBN 0-471-73843-3