inflammation of the membranes that surround the lungs

Pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining surrounding the lungs.[1] There are many possible causes of pleurisy but viral infections spreading from the lungs to pleural cavity are the most common.[2] Pleurisy can cause sharp pain when breathing, also called pleuritic chest pain.[3][4]


  1. Cedars-Sinai: Pleurisy.
  2. The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook: Viral Pleuritis.
  3. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. Encyclopedia of Health. Vol. 1-18. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2010, Vol. 13, P. 831.
  4. Light, Richard W., and Y. C. Gary Lee. Textbook of Pleural Diseases. London: Arnold, 2003.