Plomb du Cantal

mountain

Plomb du Cantal is a French mountain, the highest summit of Mounts of Cantal in the Massif Central, France. It is part of the Regional Natural Park of the Volcanoes of Auvergne (French: Parc Naturel Régional des Volcans d'Auvergne).

Plomb du Cantal
Plomb du Cantal
Plomb du Cantal viewed from Saint-Jacques-des-Blats
Highest point
Elevation1,855 m (6,086 ft) [1]
Prominence774 m (2,539 ft) [1]
Parent peakMounts of Cantal
Geography
Plomb du Cantal is located in France
Plomb du Cantal
Plomb du Cantal
Plomb du Cantal in France
LocationCantal, France
State/ProvinceFR
Parent rangeMassif Central
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Climbing
Easiest routeHiking from Super Lioran, a ski resort

It is the highest mountain of the Cantal department and the second highest in the Massif Central, after Puy de Sancy that is 1,885 m (6,184 ft) high.

GeographyEdit

Plomb du Cantal is in the Mounts of Cantal, a chain of volcanic mountains in the Massif Central, in the centre of the Cantal department. It is at about 40 km (25 mi) to the northeast of Aurillac, the capital of the Cantal department.[2]

The summit is on the border between the communes of Saint-Jacques-des-Blats to the west and Albepierre-Bredons to the east.

Many rivers start on the slopes of the mountain; they flow through three main drainage basins:

  • to the west, on the side of Saint-Jacques-des-Blats, is the drainage basin of the Cère river that flows to the Dordogne river;
  • to the south, on the side of the commune of Brezons, is the drainage basin of the Brezons river that flows to the Garonne river; and
  • to the northeast, on the side of Albepierre-Bredons, is the drainage basin of the Alagnon river that flows to the Loire river.

The Plomb du Cantal, with other near mountains, is part of the stratovolcano of Cantal, the largest French stratovolcano and one of the most important of Europe with an area of almost 2,500 km2 (965 sq mi). It had, 4 millions of years ago, an elevation of 3,000 km (1,900 mi) or higher.[3]

Because its importance for the movement of migratory birds, the Plomb du Cantal together with the Mounts of Cantal are part of a Special Protection Area since 2005: FR8310066 - Monts et Plomb du Cantal.[4]

Ski resortsEdit

There are two main ski stations (places where people go to practice skiing) on the slopes of Plomb du Cantal or near it: Le Lioran, also known as Super Lioran, and Prat-de-Bouc.

ClimbingEdit

To get to the summit, there are three climbing routes:

  1. By cable car to the Lioran station followed by hiking during about 10 minutes;
  2. Hiking to the Lioran station and then to the mountain during about 1 hour and a half; and
  3. Hiking from the Prat-de-Bouc parking lot during about 2 hours.[2]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Plomb du Cantal, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Plomb du Cantal". Summitpost.org. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. Nehlig, Pierre; Boivin, Pierre; de Goër, Alain; Mergoil, Jean; Prouteau, Gaëlle; Gérard, Sustrac; Denis, Thiéblemont (5 August 2003). "Les volcans du Massif central" (in French) (PDF). Géologues: 23-41. http://www2.brgm.fr/volcan/papgeologue.pdf. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. "FR8310066 - Monts et Plomb du Cantal". National Inventory of Natural Heritage. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle. Retrieved 24 January 2017.

Other websitesEdit