Pope Alexander III
Pope Alexander III (Latin: Alexander Tertius; c. 1100 – 30 August 1181), born Orlando Bandinelli, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 171st Pope was Pope from 1159 to 1181.
|Papacy began||7 September 1159|
|Papacy ended||30 August 1181|
|Predecessor||Pope Adrian IV|
|Successor||Pope Lucius III|
|Birth name||Orlando Bandinelli|
|Died||August 30, 1181|
|Other popes named Alexander|
Cardinal Bandinelli was elected pope on September 7, 1159; and he chose the name Alexander III. His papacy was disputed by Antipope Victor IV, Antipope Paschal III, Antipope Calixtus III and Antipope Innocent III.
Pope Alexander was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
- Also known as Rolando or Roland of Siena
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-3.
- "Pope Alexander III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-16.
- Louis-Marie de Lahaye vicomte de Cormenin (1846). The Public and Private History of the Popes of Rome: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, Including the History of Saints, Martyrs, Fathers of the Church, Religious Orders, Cardinals, Inquisitions, Schisms, and the Great Reformers. James M. Campbell. pp. 435–447.
- Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopaedia Britannica. p. 553.
- Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1833. p. 304.
Media related to Alexander III at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
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- Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
- GCatholic, Pope Alexander III
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Bandinelli