Pope Gregory VII

Pope of the Catholic Church from 1073 to 1085

Pope Gregory VII (Latin: Gregorius Septimus; 1020–May 25, 1085), born Hildebrand (Italian: Ildebrando di Soana), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 158th Pope from April 22, 1073 until he died in 1085.[1]

Gregory VII
Papacy beganApril 22, 1073
Papacy endedMay 25, 1085
PredecessorPope Alexander II
SuccessorPope Victor III
Personal details
Birth nameIldebrando di Soana
Sovana, Italy
Died(1085-05-25)May 25, 1085
Other popes named Gregory

Early life


Hildebrand was born in Sovana in Tuscany. As a youth, he became a Benedictine monk.[2]

In Rome, Hildebrand became the chaplain of Pope Gregory VI. When Gregory VI abdicated and went into in exile in Germany, Hildebrand went with him.[2]



Pope Leo IX raised Hildebrand to the rank of Cardinal in 1049.[2]

Cardinal Hildebrand was elected pope on April 22, 1073; and he chose to be called Gregory.[3]

Pope Gregory was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2]

After his death


Pope Gregory died an exile in Salerno. His last words were: "I have loved justice and hated iniquity; therefore, I [now] die in exile." ("Dilexi iustitiam et odivi iniquitatem propterea morior in exilio")..[4]

Gregory was recognized as a saint in 1728..[2]



Emblem of the popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-1.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Pope St. Gregory VII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-1.
  3. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Gregory VII," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 11, pp. 444-446.
  4. Douglas, J. James Dixon. (1992). "Gregory VII," Who's Who in Christianity, p. 288.

Other websites


  Media related to Gregorius VII at Wikimedia Commons

  •   "Pope St. Gregory VII" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • "Gregory VII", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Ildebrando

Preceded by
Alexander II
Succeeded by
Victor III