collective name for the common Indian Middle Indo-Aryan languages spoken between 3rd century BCE and 8th century CE, separated from Sanskrit by wide divisions of caste, religion, and geography

Prakrit (from prakrta, meaning natural) was the Indo-Aryan languages spoken in ancient India. The prakrits were used as a colloquial language, and can be contrasted therein with Sanskrit which was used as a literary language and developed a real written grammar. We can say that the Prakrits stand to Sanskrit as Vulgar Latin stands to Classical Latin.[1][2]


  1. "Prakrit: The forgotten ancestor". Mintlounge. 2018-09-02. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  2. "Introduction to Prakrit". Retrieved 2022-09-09.