President of Myanmar

head of state and head of government of Burma

The president of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Burmese: နိုင်ငံတော်‌ သမ္မတ; MLCTS: nuing ngam tau samma.ta.) is the head of state and head of government of Myanmar.

President of the
Republic of the Union of Myanmar
ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ သမ္မတ
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Myint Swe on 30 March 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Myint Swe
Acting

since 1 February 2021
StyleHis Excellency (formal)
Member ofCabinet
National Defence and Security Council
ResidencePresidential Palace
SeatNaypyidaw
NominatorAssembly of the Union
AppointerPresidential Electoral College
Term lengthFive years,
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Myanmar
PrecursorGovernor of Burma
Formation4 January 1948
First holderSao Shwe Thaik
DeputyVice President of Myanmar
SalaryK5 million / month[1]
Websitewww.president-office.gov.mm

The president is elected by members of parliament, not by the general population. The Presidential Electoral College, a three committee body, elects the president.[2]

Presidents of Burma/Myanmar (1948–present)Edit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Union of Burma (1948–1974)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1   Sao Shwe Thaik
စဝ်ရွှေသိုက်
(1895–1962)
4 January 1948 16 March 1952 4 years, 72 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
2   Ba U
ဘဦး
(1887–1963)
16 March 1952 13 March 1957 4 years, 362 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
3   Win Maung
ဝင်းမောင်
(1916–1989)
13 March 1957 2 March 1962[a] 4 years, 354 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
  Ne Win
နေဝင်း
(1911–2002)
2 March 1962 2 March 1974 12 years, 0 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974–1988)Edit

4   Ne Win
နေဝင်း
(1911–2002)
2 March 1974 9 November 1981[b] 7 years, 252 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
5   San Yu
စန်းယု
(1918–1996)
9 November 1981 27 July 1988[c] 6 years, 261 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
6   Sein Lwin
စိန်လွင်
(1923–2004)
27 July 1988 12 August 1988[c] 16 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
  Aye Ko
အေးကို
(1921–2006)
Acting President
12 August 1988 19 August 1988 7 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
7   Maung Maung
မောင်မောင်
(1925–1994)
19 August 1988 18 September 1988[d] 30 days Burma Socialist Programme Party

Union of Burma/Myanmar (1988–2011)Edit

Saw Maung
စောမောင်
(1928–1997)
18 September 1988 23 April 1992[e] 3 years, 218 days Military
  Than Shwe
သန်းရွှေ
(born 1933)
23 April 1992 30 March 2011[f] 18 years, 341 days Military

Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2011–present)Edit

8   Thein Sein
သိန်းစိန်
(born 1945)
30 March 2011 30 March 2016 5 years, 0 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
9   Htin Kyaw
ထင်ကျော်
(born 1946)
30 March 2016 21 March 2018 1 year, 356 days National League for Democracy
  Myint Swe
မြင့်ဆွေ
(born 1951)
Acting President
21 March 2018 30 March 2018 9 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
10   Win Myint
ဝင်းမြင့်
(born 1951)
30 March 2018 1 February 2021 2 years, 307 days National League for Democracy
  Myint Swe
မြင့်ဆွေ
(born 1951)
Acting President
1 February 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 179 days Union Solidarity and Development Party

NotesEdit

  1. Deposed in the 1962 coup d'état.
  2. Resigned after the 1981 general election.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Resigned during the 8888 Uprising.
  4. Deposed in a coup d'état during the 8888 Uprising.
  5. Resigned due to health reasons.[3][4]
  6. Handed over power to the civilian government after the 2010 general election.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "NLD cuts salaries of MPS, ministers, saves nearly K6b". 25 February 2019.
  2. "FACTBOX – Myanmar's new political structure". Reuters. 31 January 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  3. Wheeler, Ned (28 July 1997). "Obituary: General Saw Maung". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 3 June 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  4. "Saw Maung Is Dead at 68; Led a Brutal Burmese Coup". The New York Times. 27 July 1997.