President of South Korea

Head of state and of government of the Republic of Korea

The President of the Republic of Korea (Hangul: 대한민국 대통령; Hanja: 大韓民國 大統領; RR: Daehan Minguk Daetongryeong) is the head of state, leader of the executive of the South Korean government and the commander in chief of the South Korean Armed Forces

President of the
Republic of Korea
대한민국 대통령
Seal of the President of the Republic of Korea.svg
Presidential Seal
Flag of the President of South Korea.svg
Presidential Standard
Moon Jae-in presidential portrait.jpg
Moon Jae-in

since 10 May 2017
StyleMr. President (대통령님)
His Excellency (대통령 각하)
Member ofState Council
National Security Council
National Unification Advisory Council
ResidenceBlue House
SeatSeoul, South Korea
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthFive years
Single term
Constituting instrumentConstitution of South Korea
Inaugural holderSyngman Rhee
Salary192,553,000 ($172,000)
Website(in English)
(in Korean)

The president is directly elected by the people to a five-year term, with no possibility of re-election.[1] While in office, the chief executive lives in Cheong Wa Dae (the "Blue House").

Moon Jae-in, former human rights lawyer and chief of staff to then-President Roh Moo-hyun,[2] became President of South Korea on 10 May 2017.[3]

If the National Assembly votes against a presidential decision, it will be declared void immediately.

Powers and duties of the presidentEdit

The president is required to:

List of presidentsEdit

Living former presidentsEdit

As of July 2021, four former presidents are alive:

Image Name Term of office Age
Chun Doo-hwan 1980–1988 90 years, 175 days
  Roh Tae-woo 1988–1993 88 years, 220 days
  Lee Myung-bak 2008–2013 79 years, 205 days
  Park Geun-hye 2013–2017 69 years, 160 days

The longest-lived President was Yun Bo-seon, who died on July 18, 1990 (at the age of 92 years, 326 days).

The most recent President to die was Kim Young-sam, who died on November 22, 2015 (at the age of 87 years, 337 days).


  1. Article 70 of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea.
  2. McCurry, Justin (2017-05-09). "Who is Moon Jae-in, South Korea's new president?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
  3. Sang-hun, Choe (2017-05-09). "South Korea Elects Moon Jae-in, Who Backs Talks With North, as President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-05-10.

Other websitesEdit