President of South Korea

Head of state and of government of the Republic of Korea

The President of the Republic of Korea (Hangul: 대한민국 대통령; Hanja: 大韓民國 大統領; RR: Daehan Minguk Daetongryeong) is in charge of the cabinet, the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.

President of the
Republic of Korea
대한민국 대통령
Seal of the President of the Republic of Korea.svg
Presidential Seal
Flag of the President of South Korea.svg
Presidential Standard
Moon Jae-in 2018.jpg
Moon Jae-in

since 10 May 2017
StyleMr. President (대통령님)
His Excellency (대통령 각하)
(in international correspondence)
Member ofState Council
National Security Council
National Unification Advisory Council
ResidenceBlue House
SeatSeoul, South Korea
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthFive years
Single term
Constituting instrumentConstitution of South Korea
Inaugural holderSyngman Rhee
Salary192,553,000 ($172,000)

The president is directly elected by the people to a five-year term, with no possibility of re-election.[1] While in office, the chief executive lives in Cheong Wa Dae (the "Blue House").

Moon Jae-in, former human rights lawyer and chief of staff to then-President Roh Moo-hyun,[2] became President of South Korea on 10 May 2017.[3]

If the National Assembly votes against a presidential decision, it will be declared void immediately.

Powers and duties of the presidentEdit

The president is required to:

List of presidentsEdit

Living former presidentsEdit

As of January 2020, four former presidents are alive:

Image Name Term of office Age
  Chun Doo-hwan 1980–1988 89 years, 9 days
  Roh Tae-woo 1988–1993 87 years, 54 days
  Lee Myung-bak 2008–2013 78 years, 39 days
  Park Geun-hye 2013–2017 67 years, 359 days

The longest-lived President was Yun Bo-seon, who died on July 18, 1990 (at the age of 92 years, 326 days).

The most recent President to die was Kim Young-sam, who died on November 22, 2015 (at the age of 87 years, 337 days).


  1. Article 70 of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea.
  2. McCurry, Justin (2017-05-09). "Who is Moon Jae-in, South Korea's new president?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
  3. Sang-hun, Choe (2017-05-09). "South Korea Elects Moon Jae-in, Who Backs Talks With North, as President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-05-10.

Other websitesEdit