List of prime ministers of Thailand

Wikimedia list of persons by position held
(Redirected from Prime Ministers of Thailand)

Thailand has had 30 prime ministers since it changed from a monarchy to a democratic regime.

photograph of Phraya Manopakorn Nitithada
photograph of Plaek Phibunsongkhram
photograph of Yingluck Shinawatra
photograph of Srettha Thavisin

List of prime ministers

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Colour key (for political coalitions/parties):

General categories:   Independent politician (12)   Military rule (7)

Defunct political parties:

Pre–1950:   Free Thai Movement (3)   Khana Ratsadon (2)   Constitutional Front (1)
1950–1975:   Conservative Party (1)   Seri Manangkhasila (1)   UTPP (1)
Post–2000:   Social Action Party (1)   Chart Thai (2)   Thai Rak Thai Party (1)   People's Power Party (2)

Active political parties:   Democrat Party (6)   New Aspiration Party (1)   Pheu Thai Party (3)   Palang Pracharath Party (1)   United Thai Nation Party (1)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Election Party Government Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Duration
1   Phraya
Manopakorn Nitithada
พระยามโนปกรณ์นิติธาดา
(1884–1948)
28 June
1932
20 June
1933
357 days Independent Manopakorn I  
Prajadhipok
(1925–1935)
Manopakorn II
Manopakorn III
2   Phraya
Phahonphonphayuhasena
พระยาพหลพลพยุหเสนา
(1887–1947)
21 June
1933
16 December
1938
5 years, 178 days People's Party Phahon I
1933 Phahon II
Phahon III
 
Ananda Mahidol
(1935–1946)
1937 Phahon IV
Phahon V
3   Plaek Phibunsongkhram
แปลก พิบูลสงคราม
(1897–1964)
16 December
1938
1 August
1944
5 years, 229 days 1938 People's Party Plaek I
Plaek II
4   Khuang Aphaiwong
ควง อภัยวงศ์
(1902–1968)
1 August
1944
31 August
1945
1 year, 30 days People's Party Khuang I
5   Thawi Bunyaket
ทวี บุณยเกตุ
(1904–1971)
31 August
1945
17 September
1945
17 days People's Party Thawi
6   Mom Rajawongse
Seni Pramoj
หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช
(1905–1997)
17 September
1945
31 January
1946
136 days Free Thai Seni I
(4)   Khuang Aphaiwong
ควง อภัยวงศ์
(1902–1968)
31 January
1946
24 March
1946
52 days 1946 People's Party Khuang II
7   Pridi Banomyong
ปรีดี พนมยงค์
(1900–1983)
24 March
1946
23 August
1946
152 days People's Party Pridi I
 
Bhumibol Adulyadej
(1946–2016)
Pridi II
8   Thawan Thamrongnawasawat
ถวัลย์ ธำรงนาวาสวัสดิ์
(1901–1988)
23 August
1946
8 November
1947
1 year, 79 days Constitutional Front Thawan I
Thawan II
  Phin Choonhavan
ผิน ชุณหะวัณ
(1891–1973)
8 November
1947
10 November
1947
2 days Military National Military Council
(4)   Khuang Aphaiwong
ควง อภัยวงศ์
(1902–1968)
10 November
1947
8 April
1948
150 days Democrat Khuang III
1948 Khuang IV
(3)   Plaek Phibunsongkhram
แปลก พิบูลสงคราม
(1897–1964)
8 April
1948
16 September
1957
9 years, 161 days Conservative Party
(until 1955)
Plaek III
Plaek IV
Plaek V
Plaek VI
1952 Plaek VII
Seri Manangkhasila
(from 1955)
Feb 1957 Plaek VIII
  Sarit Thanarat
สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์
(1908–1963)
16 September
1957
21 September
1957
5 days Military Revolutionary Council
9   Pote Sarasin
พจน์ สารสิน
(1905–2000)
21 September
1957
1 January
1958
102 days Independent Pote
10   Thanom Kittikachorn
ถนอม กิตติขจร
(1911–2004)
1 January
1958
20 October
1958
292 days Dec 1957 National Socialist[1] Thanom I
11   Sarit Thanarat
สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์
(1908–1963)
20 October
1958
8 December
1963
5 years, 49 days Military Revolutionary Council
Sarit
(10)   Thanom Kittikachorn
ถนอม กิตติขจร
(1911–2004)
9 December
1963
14 October
1973
9 years, 309 days Military
(until 1968)
Thanom II
United Thai People
(1968–1971)
1969 Thanom III
Military
(from 1971)
Revolutionary Council
Thanom IV
12   Sanya Dharmasakti
สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์
(1907–2002)
14 October
1973
15 February
1975
1 year, 124 days Independent Sanya I
Sanya II
(6)   Mom Rajawongse
Seni Pramoj
หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช
(1905–1997)
15 February
1975
14 March
1975
27 days 1975 Democrat Seni II
13   Mom Rajawongse
Kukrit Pramoj
หม่อมราชวงศ์คึกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช
(1911–1995)
14 March
1975
20 April
1976
1 year, 37 days Social Action Kukrit
(6)   Mom Rajawongse
Seni Pramoj
หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช
(1905–1997)
20 April
1976
6 October
1976
169 days 1976 Democrat Seni III
Seni IV
  Sangad Chaloryu
สงัด ชลออยู่
(1915–1980)
6 October
1976
8 October
1976
2 days Military Administration Reform Council
14   Thanin Kraivichien
ธานินทร์ กรัยวิเชียร
(born 1927)
8 October
1976
20 October
1977
1 year, 12 days Independent Thanin
  Sangad Chaloryu
สงัด ชลออยู่
(1915–1980)
20 October
1977
10 November
1977
21 days Military Revolutionary Council
15   Kriangsak Chamanan
เกรียงศักดิ์ ชมะนันท์
(1917–2003)
11 November
1977
3 March
1980
2 years, 113 days Military
(until 1978)
Kriangsak I
Independent
(from 1978)
1979 Kriangsak II
16   Prem Tinsulanonda
เปรม ติณสูลานนท์
(1920–2019)
3 March
1980
4 August
1988
8 years, 154 days Military
(until 1982)
Prem I
Independent
(from 1982)
1983 Prem II
1986 Prem III
17   Chatichai Choonhavan
ชาติชาย ชุณหะวัณ
(1920–1998)
4 August
1988
23 February
1991
2 years, 203 days 1988 Thai Nation Chatichai I
Chatichai II
  Sunthorn Kongsompong
สุนทร คงสมพงษ์
(1931–1999)
24 February
1991
2 March
1991
7 days Military National Peace Keeping Council
18   Anand Panyarachun
อานันท์ ปันยารชุน
(born 1932)
2 March
1991
7 April
1992
1 year, 36 days Independent Anand I
19   Suchinda Kraprayoon
สุจินดา คราประยูร
(born 1933)
7 April
1992
24 May
1992
47 days Mar 1992 Independent Suchinda
  Meechai Ruchuphan
มีชัย ฤชุพันธุ์
(born 1938)
Acting Prime Minister
24 May
1992
10 June
1992
17 days Independent
(18)   Anand Panyarachun
อานันท์ ปันยารชุน
(born 1932)
10 June
1992
23 September
1992
105 days Independent Anand II
20   Chuan Leekpai
ชวน หลีกภัย
(born 1938)
23 September
1992
13 July
1995
2 years, 293 days Sep 1992 Democrat Chuan I
21   Banharn Silpa-archa
บรรหาร ศิลปอาชา
(1932–2016)
13 July
1995
25 November
1996
1 year, 135 days 1995 Thai Nation Banharn
22   Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
ชวลิต ยงใจยุทธ
(born 1932)
25 November
1996
9 November
1997
349 days 1996 New Aspiration Chavalit
(20)   Chuan Leekpai
ชวน หลีกภัย
born 1938)
9 November
1997
9 February
2001
3 years, 92 days Democrat Chuan II
23   Thaksin Shinawatra
ทักษิณ ชินวัตร
(born 1949)
9 February
2001
19 September
2006
5 years, 222 days 2001 Thai Rak Thai Thaksin I
2005 Thaksin II
  Sonthi Boonyaratglin
สนธิ บุญยรัตกลิน
(born 1946)
19 September
2006
1 October
2006
12 days Military Council for Democratic Reform
24   Surayud Chulanont
สุรยุทธ์ จุลานนท์
(born 1943)
1 October
2006
29 January
2008
1 year, 120 days Independent Surayud
25   Samak Sundaravej
สมัคร สุนทรเวช
(1935–2009)
29 January
2008
9 September
2008
224 days 2007 People's Power Samak
  Somchai Wongsawat
สมชาย วงศ์สวัสดิ์
(born 1947)
9 September
2008
18 September
2008
9 days People's Power
26 18 September
2008
2 December
2008
75 days Somchai
  Chavarat Charnvirakul
ชวรัตน์ ชาญวีรกูล
(born 1936)
Acting Prime Minister
2 December
2008
17 December
2008
15 days Independent
27   Abhisit Vejjajiva
อภิสิทธิ์ เวชชาชีวะ
(born 1964)
17 December
2008
5 August
2011
2 years, 231 days Democrat Abhisit
28   Yingluck Shinawatra
ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร
(born 1967)
5 August
2011
7 May
2014
2 years, 275 days 2011 Pheu Thai Yingluck
  Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan
นิวัฒน์ธำรง บุญทรงไพศาล
(born 1948)
Acting Prime Minister
7 May
2014
22 May
2014
15 days Pheu Thai
29   Prayut Chan-o-cha[2]
ประยุทธ์ จันทร์โอชา
(born 1954)
22 May
2014
22 August
2023
9 years, 92 days Military
(until 2014)
National Council for Peace and Order
Prayut I
Independent[a]
(2014–2023)
 
Vajiralongkorn
(since 2016)
2019 Prayut II
United Thai Nation[b]
(2023)
  Prawit Wongsuwon
ประวิตร วงษ์สุวรรณ
(born 1945)
Acting Prime Minister
24 August
2022
30 September
2022
37 days Palang Pracharath
30   Srettha Thavisin[3]
เศรษฐา ทวีสิน
(born 1962)
22 August
2023
Incumbent 335 days 2023 Pheu Thai Srettha

Timeline

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Srettha ThavisinPrawit WongsuwonPrayut Chan-o-chaNiwatthamrong BoonsongpaisanYingluck ShinawatraAbhisit VejjajivaChavarat CharnvirakulSomchai WongsawatSamak SundaravejSurayud ChulanontSonthi BoonyaratglinThaksin ShinawatraChawalit YongchaiyutBanharn Silpa-archaChuan LeekpaiMeechai RuchuphanSuchinda KraprayoonAnand PanyarachunSunthorn KongsompongChatichai ChoonhavanPrem TinsulanondaKriangsak ChamananThanin KraivichienSangad ChaloryuKukrit PramojSanya DharmasaktiThanom KittikachornPote SarasinSarit ThanaratPhin ChoonhavanThawan ThamrongnawasawatPridi BanomyongSeni PramojThawi BunyaketKhuang AphaiwongPlaek PhibunsongkhramPhraya PhahonphonphayuhasenaPhraya Manopakorn Nitithada
  1. Active with the Palang Pracharath Party from 2019 until 2022.
  2. Until 11 July 2023

References

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  1. Thak Chaloemtiarana (2007), Thailand: The Politics of Despotic Paternalism, Ithaca NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program, p. 88, ISBN 978-0-8772-7742-2
  2. ประกาศแต่งตั้งนายกรัฐมนตรี ลงวันที่ 24 สิงหาคม 2557 [Proclamation on Appointment of Prime Minister dated 24 August 2014] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). 131, Special Part 159 D. Bangkok: Cabinet Secretariat: 1. 25 August 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  3. ประกาศแต่งตั้งนายกรัฐมนตรี ลงวันที่ 22 สิงหาคม 2566 Archived 23 August 2023 at the Wayback Machine ราชกิจจานุเบกษา เล่ม ๑๔๐ ตอนพิเศษ ๒๐๑ ง หน้า ๑ วันที่ ๒๓ สิงหาคม พ.ศ. ๒๕๖๖