polygon with four sides

In Euclidean plane geometry, a quadrilateral is a polygon with four edges (or sides) and four vertices (or corners). Sometimes, the term quadrangle is used (similar to the term "triangle"), while other times, the term tetragon is used (similar to pentagon, 5-sided polygon, and hexagon, 6-sided polygon). A quadrilateral with vertices , , , is sometimes written as .[1][2][3]

Some types of quadrilaterals
Edges and vertices4
Schläfli symbol{4} (for square)
Areavarious methods, usually base time height
Internal angle (degrees)90° (for square and rectangle)
A quadrilateral

The origin of the word quadrilateral is the two Latin words quadri, a variant of four, and latus, meaning "side".

Quadrilaterals can be either complex, also called crossed (self-intersecting), or simple (not self-intersecting). Simple quadrilaterals are either convex or concave.

All the sides of a quadrilateral are straight, and the interior angles of a quadrilateral add up to 360°.[3]

This is a special case of the n-gon interior angle sum formula: (n − 2) × 180°.

All non-self-crossing quadrilaterals tile the plane, by repeated rotation around the midpoints of their edges.

There are 6 special kinds of quadrilaterals; square, rectangle, rhombus, parallelogram, kite, and trapezoid. Technically, squares, rectangles, and rhombuses are types of parallelograms.[3]



  1. "List of Geometry and Trigonometry Symbols". Math Vault. 2020-04-17. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  2. Weisstein, Eric W. "Quadrilateral". mathworld.wolfram.com. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Quadrilaterals - Square, Rectangle, Rhombus, Trapezoid, Parallelogram". www.mathsisfun.com. Retrieved 2020-09-01.