extinct species of plant

Rhynia is a genus of Early Devonian fossil land plants. Only one species is known, R. gwynne-vaughanii. The fossils are the sporophyte generation[2] of a vascular plant. Rhynia had anatomical features more advanced than those of the bryophytes.

Temporal range: Early Devonian
Reconstruction of Rhynia gwynne-vaughanii, redrawn after Kenrick & Crane (1997:101)[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Subdivision: Rhyniophytina
Class: Rhyniopsida
Order: Rhyniales
Family: Rhyniaceae
Genus: Rhynia
Kidst. & W.H.Lang (1917)
  • R. gwynne-vaughanii Kidst. & W.H.Lang (1917)
A fossil stem of Rhynia is broken and shows the cells.

Related pages change

References change

  1. Kenrick, P.; Crane, P.R. (1997). The origin and early diversification of land plants : a cladistic study. Washington & London: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 978-1-56098-729-1. Fig. 4.8, p. 101.
  2. Edwards, D.S. (1980). "Evidence for the sporophytic status of the Lower Devonian plant Rhynia gwynne-vaughanii Kidston and Lang". Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 29: 177–188. doi:10.1016/0034-6667(80)90057-3.