Richard Edgar Pipes (July 11, 1923 – May 17, 2018) was a Polish-American academic. His works were about Russian history, especially relating to the Soviet Union. He held strong anti-communist point of view throughout his career.
Richard Pipes in October 2004
|Died||May 17, 2018 (aged 94)|
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
|Spouse(s)||Irene Eugenia Roth|
|Awards||National Humanities Medal|
In 1976 he headed Team B, a team of analysts organized by the Central Intelligence Agency who analyzed the strategic capacities and goals of the Soviet military and political leadership. Pipes is the father of American historian and expert on American foreign policy and the Middle East, Daniel Pipes.
Pipes was born to a Jewish family in Cieszyn, Poland, which fled the country as refugees after it was invaded by Nazi Germany. Settling in the United States in 1940, he became a naturalized citizen in 1943 while serving in the United States Army Air Corps. From 1958 to 1996, Pipes worked at Harvard University.
- Bogle, Lori Lyn, "Pipes, Richard", pp. 922–923, in The Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing edited by Kelly Boyd, Vol. 2, London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishing, 1999. online
- Malia, Martin Edward, "The Hunt for the True October", pp. 21–28, from Commentary, Vol. 92, 1991.
- Pipes, Richard, "Vixi: The Memoirs of a Non-Belonger", 2003.
- Poe, Marshall, "The Dissident", Azure (Spring 2008).
- Somin, Ilya, "Riddles, Mysteries, and Enigmas: Unanswered Questions of Communism's Collapse", pp. 84–88, from Policy Review, Vol. 70, 1994.
- Stent, Angela, "Review of U.S-Soviet Relations in the Era of Détente", pp. 91–92, from Russian Review, Vol. 41, 1982.
- Szeftel, Marc, "Two Negative Appraisals of Russian Pre-Revolutionary Development", pp. 74–87, from Canadian-American Slavic Studies, 1980.
- ":: Uważam Rze Historia". Historia.uwazamrze.pl. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
- "National Advisory Council". Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Nie żyje prof. Richard Pipes" (in Polish). Gremi Media. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- Grimes, William (17 May 2018). "Richard Pipes, Historian of Russia and Reagan Aide, Dies at 94" – via NYTimes.com.
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