The Rivonia Trial was a trial that took place in South Africa between 1963 and 1964. Ten leaders of the African National Congress were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to overthrow the apartheid system. This trial was held after the police raid on the MK base in Rivonia, where documents related to the 10 accused men were found. One of the men was the future President of South Africa, Nelson Mandela. After the trial, Mandela was taken to jail in Robben Island.
Among the arrested were:
- Nelson Mandela
- Walter Sisulu
- Govan Mbeki
- Raymond Mhlaba
- Andrew Mlangeni
- Elias Motsoaledi, trade union and ANC member
- Ahmed Kathrada
- Denis Goldberg, a Cape Town engineer and leader of the Congress of Democrats
- Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, architect and member of the South African Communist Party (SACP)
- Bob Hepple
- Arthur Goldreich
- Harold Wolpe, prominent attorney and activist
- James "Jimmy" Kantor, brother-in-law of Harold Wolpe
Most of the Rivonia defendants were to be convicted, and in turn sentenced to life imprisonment.
- "The Rivonia Trial Archived 2008-12-02 at the Wayback Machine" - article by Sunder Katwala from The Observer, dated Sunday, 11 February 2001
- ANC history Archived 2006-01-13 at the Wayback Machine
- On the trail of Mandela's handgun
- Rivonia Unmasked The prosecutor's account of the Rivonia Trial.
- Historical Papers of the Rivonia Trial, Digital Collection at the University of the Witwatersrand.
- Rivonia Trial Images