Robert Peel

British Prime Minister, Conservative statesman, and art collector (1788-1850)

Sir Robert Peel (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850) was a British politician. He established many well-known laws in Britain including the police force and had a brief term as Prime Minister.

The Rt Hon Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Robert Peel Portrait.jpg
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
10 December 1834 – 8 April 1835
30 August 1841–29 June 1846
Preceded byThe Viscount Melbourne
Succeeded byThe Viscount Melbourne
The Lord John Russell
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
2 December 1834 – 8 April 1835
Preceded byThomas Denman
Succeeded byThomas Spring Rice
Personal details
Born(1788-02-05)5 February 1788
Bury, Lancashire
Died2 July 1850(1850-07-02) (aged 62)
Political partyConservative

In 1834, he founded the Conservative party out of the old Tory party which was founded in 1678. Peel was a very clever politician in his own right. However, his conviction led eventually led him to go against his party in 1846 by repealing the Corn Laws, following this the party split and were not able to win a majority for 28 years.

In 1835 he published the Tamworth Manifesto, which told people how he wanted the government to be run. He came to power in 1841, defeating the Whig government of Lord Melbourne, and ruled the country until 1846. During this time, Peel's popularity with other party members became lower because many of them thought he was too proud, and disliked the way he changed his mind over many important issues, often without telling them first. The defeat of his Conservative Party in 1846 was followed by a brief period in the House of Commons until his death in 1851, in a horse riding accident.

Peel is one of the famous people who appears on the cover of The Beatles Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album.