The movement said that feelings, imagination, nature, human life, freedom of expression, individualism and old folk traditions, such as legends and fairy tales, were important. It was a reaction to the aristocratic social and political ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution.
Romanticism in Britain was notable as the country was an early adopter of industrialization and science, and included such figures as:
- William Wordsworth
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- Lord Byron
- William Blake
- Robert Burns
- Walter Scott
- J. M. W. Turner
During the same period as Britain, there was a notable romantistic movement in Germany. Important motifs in German Romanticism are traveling, nature, and Germanic myths. Involved were such figures as:
- "Romanticism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Casey, Christopher (2008). "Grecian grandeurs and the rude wasting of old time: Britain, the Elgin Marbles, and post-revolutionary Hellenism". Foundations. Volume III, Number 1. Archived from the original on 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- David Levin, History as Romantic Art: Bancroft, Prescott, and Parkman (1967)
- Gerald Lee Gutek, A history of the Western educational experience (1987) ch. 12 on Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
- Ashton Nichols, "Roaring Alligators and Burning Tygers: Poetry and Science from William Bartram to Charles Darwin," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 2005 149(3): 304-315
- The Romantic Poets
- Dictionary of the History of Ideas, Romanticism
- Romantic Circles Electronic editions, histories, and scholarly articles related to the Romantic era
- Dictionary of the History of Ideas, Romanticism in Political Thought
- Romanticism in the "History of Art"
- Romanticism in the Art History Archive