South Asian rounded flatbread, characteristically unleavened

Roti is a type of Indian flatbread made using different flours. It is a staple food in many parts of India and other South Asian countries. Roti can be made from wheat flour, rice flour, millet flour, corn flour, or a combination of these. The dough is kneaded with water and sometimes salt, oil, or ghee. Then it is rolled into thin circles and cooked on a hot griddle or tawa. Roti can be eaten plain or with various accompaniments such as curries, dal, pickles, chutneys, or yogurt. Roti is also known by different names in different regions, such as chapati, phulka, paratha, naan, kulcha, or bhakri.

flat roti, also known as chapati
Alternative namesRuti
Place of originIndian subcontinent[1][2][3]
Created byIndus Valley civilization[1]
Main ingredientsAtta flour
VariationsChapati, Bajra Roti,[4] Jowar Roti, Chawal ki Roti Makki ki roti, Rumali roti, Tandoori roti, Wrap roti, Roti canai, Paratha




  1. 1.0 1.1 Alan Davidson (21 August 2014). The Oxford Companion to Food. OUP Oxford. pp. 692–. ISBN 978-0-19-104072-6.
  2. Jim Smith (15 April 2008). Technology of Reduced Additive Foods. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 113–. ISBN 978-1-4051-4795-8.
  3. Bruce Kraig; Colleen Taylor Sen (9 September 2013). Street Food Around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 301–. ISBN 978-1-59884-955-4.
  4. Aroona Reejhsinghani (June 2004). Feast on a Diabetic Diet. B. Jain Publishers. ISBN 9788180560118.