province of Pakistan

Sindh (Sindhi: سنڌ) (Urdu: صوبہ سندھ) is a province in Pakistan. The provincial capital of Sindh is Karachi. Sindh has a population of 30 million people and an area of 54,407 mi² or (140,914 km²); in terms of area the provincial region of Sindh is greater in area than Greece but smaller than Tajikistan. There is a southern boundary with the Indian state of Gujarat. This is in dispute see: Kori Creek

Ranikot Fort "(Great Wall of Pakistan)".
Ranikot Fort "(Great Wall of Pakistan)".
Official seal of Sindh
Location of Sindh in Pakistan
Location of Sindh in Pakistan
Map of Sindh, Pakistan
Map of Sindh, Pakistan
Coordinates: 24°52′12″N 67°33′00″E / 24.87000°N 67.55000°E / 24.87000; 67.55000
Established1 July 1970
Largest cityKarachi
 • TypeProvince
 • BodyProvincial Assembly
 • High CourtSindh High Court
 • Total140,914 km2 (54,407 sq mi)
 (2012 census preliminary)[1]
 • Total55,245,497
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Main Language(s)
Other: Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki[2][3][4]
Assembly seats168[5]
Union Councils1108[6]

Etymology change

The province of Sindh and the people inhabiting the region are named after the river known as the Sindhu River before Independence and now called the Indus River. In Sanskrit, síndhu means "river, stream", and refers to the Indus river in particular. The Greeks who conquered Sindh in 325 BC under the command of Alexander the Great rendered it as Indós, hence the modern Indus. The ancient Iranians referred to everything east of the river Indus as hind from the word Sindh. When the British arrived in the 17th century, they followed that regional example and applied the Greek name for Sindh to the entire South Asian region, calling it India. A study said, the Ancient Gypsy hail from Sindh from the Rohri Taluka in the Sukkur District[7]

History change

Sindh (Sindhi: سنڌ) is one of the provinces of Pakistan. Sindh was home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization which is 5,500 years old[source?]. 'Hind' is the corruption of the word for 'Sind'[source?]. On the 26th of June in 1947 Sindh joined Pakistan by a majority vote of members of the 1947 provincial legislature.

Geography change

Sindh is located on the western corner of South-central Asia, bordering the Iranian plateau in the west. Geographically it is the third largest province of Pakistan, stretching about 579 km from north to south and 442 km (extreme) or 281 km (average) from east to west, with an area of 140,915 square kilometres (54,408 sq mi) of Pakistani territory. Sindh is bounded by the Thar Desert to the east, the Kirthar Mountains to the west, and the Arabian Sea in the south. In the centre is a fertile plain around the Indus River.

Provincial symbols of Sindh
Provincial flag Flag of Sindh  
Provincial seal Emblem of Sindh  
Provincial animal Sindh Ibex  
Provincial bird Black wood partridge  
Provincial fish Catla  
Provincial crop Cotton  
Provincial flower Nelumbo indica
Provincial tree Neem  
Provincial fruit Watermelons  
Provincial dish Sindhi biryani  
Provincial dance Sufi dance  
Provincial instrument Yaktaro
Provincial sport Malakhra  

Districts of Sindh change

Government change

Religions in Sindh[8]
Religion Percent

The Provincial Assembly of Sindh is unicameral and consists of 168 seats, of which 5% are reserved for non-Muslims and 17% for women. The provincial capital of Sindh is Karachi.

The government is presided over by the Chief Minister of Sindh.

Most of the Sindhi people in the province are involved in Pakistan's politics. Sindh is a stronghold of the centre-left Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), which is the largest political party in the province.

Pakistan has had two very famous Sindhi leaders as Prime Ministers—Mr Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and his daughter Ms Benazir Bhutto. Ms Bhutto's husband, Mr Asif Ali Zardari, was elected President of Pakistan.[9]

Related pages change

  •   Media related to Sindh at Wikimedia Commons

Further reading change

  • Mubarak Ali (ed.). "Sindh Observed" (PDF). Selection from the Journal of Sindh Historical Society.[permanent dead link]

References change

  1. "Sind - type and level of administrative division". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  2. "Percentage Distribution of Households by Language Usually Spoken and Region/Province, 1998 Census" (PDF). Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2008. Federal Bureau of Statistics - Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 November 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  3. "Sindh (province, Pakistan)" at Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. "About Sindh Archived 2010-06-20 at the Wayback Machine" at
  5. "Provincial Assembly Seats".
  6. "Government of Sindh". Archived from the original on 2019-06-16. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  7. HYDERABAD: Gypsies hail from Sindh, claims Dr Kazi
  8. "1998 Census Data". Archived from the original on 2014-07-19. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  9. The prime minister is the 'head of government' under the Constitution of Pakistan whereas the president is 'head of state'

Other websites change