Saraiki language

Indo-Aryan language spoken in Pakistan

Saraiki (sometimes spelled Siraiki and Seraiki) is a Punjabi variety or group of dialects, spoken in southern regions of the Pakistani province of Punjab.[1][2] It belongs to the Lahnda (Western Punjabi) group. Saraiki is native to southern Punjab, while it is also spoken in parts of northern Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan; as well as by partition migrants and their descendants in India.

سرائیکی, ਸਰਾਇਕੀ
Native toPakistan
RegionSouthern Punjab, Northern Sindh, and Eastern Balochistan
Native speakers
31 million (2022)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3skr

It is sometimes claimed to be a language, although it lacks certain traits to be referred to as a distinct language, and is widely recognized as a variety of Punjabi.[3]

The major forms of dialects of the variety include Multani, Bahawalpuri (Riasti) and Derawali.

Etymology change

The word Saraiki is probably derived from the Sindhi word Siraiki for its own dialect,[4] which means dialect of Sero/Siro (Sauvīra) region in ancient Sindh.[5] today the name of Siraiki dialect of Sindhi is changed to Siroli/Sireli to not create confusion.[6]

References change

  1. "Siraiki: Language or Dialect?".
  2. Shackle, Christopher (2010). "Lahnda". In Brown, Keith; Ogilvie, Sarah (eds.). Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Oxford: Elsevier. ISBN 9780080877754.
  3. "Siraiki: Language or Dialect?".
  4. "Linguistic Survey of India". Retrieved 2024-01-01.
  5. "Siraiki language | History, Dialects & Writing System | Britannica". Retrieved 2024-01-01.
  6. Simpson, Andrew, ed. (2007). Language and national identity in Asia. Oxford linguistics. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-19-922648-1.