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The Saffarids or the Saffarid dynasty (Persian: سلسله صفاریان‎) was a Persian empire.[1][2] They ruled in Sistan from 861–1002. Sistan was a historical region in southeastern Iran, southwestern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan.[3] Their capital was Zaranj, located in present-day Afghanistan.

Saffarid Dynasty

سلسله صفاریان
861–1002
Saffarid Emirate at its Greatest Extent
Saffarid Emirate at its Greatest Extent
CapitalZaranj
Common languagesPersian
GovernmentMonarchy
Emir 
• 867–879
Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar
• 963–1002
Khalaf I
Historical eraMedieval
• Established
861
• Disestablished
1002
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tahirid dynasty
Samanid dynasty

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Cambridge History of Iran, by Richard Nelson Frye, William Bayne Fisher, John Andrew Boyle (Cambridge University Press, 1975: ISBN 0-521-20093-8), pg. 121.
  2. The Encyclopedia of World History, ed. Peter N. Stearns and William Leonard Langer (Houghton Mifflin, 2001), 115.
  3. Nancy Hatch Dupree, An Historical Guide To Afghanistan - "Sites in Perspective" (Chapter 3) Link