Baloch people

ethnic group native to South and Central Asia

The Baloch (بلوچ) are an Iranian ethnic group who live in the region of Balochistan which includes the regions of southeastern Iran, southern Afghanistan, and southwestern Pakistan.

Baloch
بلوچ
Balōč
Sardar Ibrahim Sanjrani, Iranian Baloch chiefs in Qajar era, c. 1884
Total population
30 - 20 million
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan20,000,000[1][not in the source given]
 Iran5,000,000[2]
 UAE468,000 (2014)[3]
 Oman713,000 (2018)[4]
 Afghanistan2,000,000
 Turkmenistan300,000[5]
 Saudi Arabia16,000 [6]
Languages
Balochi
Urdu, Saraiki, Brahui in (Pakistan), Arabic, Persian (in Iran)
Religion
Sunni Islam[7]

The Baloch speak the Balochi language, an Iranian language. They mainly live in mountainous places of the Iranian plateau in Iran, Pakistan and parts of Afghanistan. Balochistan is an arid semi-desert mountainous region inhabited by the Baloch people.

References change

  1. "CIA World Factbook". cia.gov. Archived from the original on 6 January 2019. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  2. "Iran Minorities 2: Ethnic Diversity". iranprimer.usip.org. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  3. "United Arab Emirates: Languages". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  4. "Oman: Languages". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  5. KOKAISLOVÁ, Pavla, KOKAISL Petr. Ethnic Identity of The Baloch People. Central Asia and The Caucasus. Journal of Social and Political Studies. Volume 13, Issue 3, 2012, p. 45-55., ISSN 1404-6091
  6. Baloch, Southern in Saudi Arabia, Joshua Project.
  7. "Demography of Religion in the Gulf". Mehrdad Izady. 2013.