Baloch people

ethnic group native to South and Central Asia

The Baloch (بلوچ) (other spellings: Baluch, Balouch, Bloach, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush) live in the part of Balochistan in the southeast corner of the Iranian plateau in Southwest Asia, including parts of eastern Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

Baloch Khans.png
Sardar Ibrahim khan Sanjrani Iranian Baloch Khans in Qajar era, c. 1884
Total population
Approx. 10 million (2017)
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan8,000,000 (2016)[1][not in the source given]
 Iran1,500,000 (2016)[2]
 UAE468,000 (2014)[3]
 Oman312,000 (1993)[4]
 Turkmenistan100,000 [5]
 Saudi Arabia16,000 [6]
Urdu, Brahui in (Pakistan), Arabic, Persian (in Iran)
Predominantly Sunni Islam[7]

The Baloch speak Balochi language, an Iranian language. They mainly live in mountainous places of the Iranian plateau in Iran, Pakistan and parts of Afghanistan.


  1. "CIA World Factbook". Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  2. "Iran Minorities 2: Ethnic Diversity". Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  3. "United Arab Emirates: Languages". Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  4. "Oman: Languages". Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  5. KOKAISLOVÁ, Pavla, KOKAISL Petr. Ethnic Identity of The Baloch People. Central Asia and The Caucasus. Journal of Social and Political Studies. Volume 13, Issue 3, 2012, p. 45-55., ISSN 1404-6091
  6. Baloch, Southern in Saudi Arabia, Joshua Project.
  7. "Demography of Religion in the Gulf". Mehrdad Izady. 2013.