French colony on the isle of Hispaniola
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Saint-Domingue was the name of a French colony on the island of Hispaniola. The colony existed from 1659 to 1804. In the Peace of Ryswick, the Spanish gave about a third of the island to the French. In 1804, the colony became independent, and took the name Haiti. The other part of the island was called Santo Domingo, and is the Dominican Republic today.

Map of Saint-Domingue, of 1789