The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, leading to the abolition of slavery in Haiti and the formation of Haiti as the first modern republic ruled by Africans. It was the biggest slave rebellion since the Zanj rebellion agains the Abbasid Caliphate in Iraq, which also lasted 14 years. Its leaders were former slaves who decided to fight for freedom, like Toussaint L'ouverture, Cécile Fatiman, Dutty Boukman, and Jean-Jacques Dessalines. The Haitian Revolution led to Haiti being the second nation in the Americas (after the United States of America) formed from a European colony, and the first one to ban slavery.
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- Popović, Alexandre (1999). The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq in the 3rd/9th Century. Markus Wiener Publishers. ISBN 978-1-55876-162-9.
- Gaffield, Julia. "Haiti was the first nation to permanently ban slavery". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-11-17.