Haitian Revolution

1791 slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue

The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, leading to the abolition of slavery in Haiti and the formation of Haiti as the first modern republic ruled by Africans. It was the biggest slave rebellion since the Zanj rebellion in Iraq, which also lasted 14 years.[1] Its leaders were former slaves who decided to fight for freedom, like Toussaint L'ouverture, Cécile Fatiman, Dutty Boukman, and Jean-Jacques Dessalines. The Haitian Revolution led to Haiti being the second nation in the Americas (after the United States) formed from a European colony, and the first one to ban slavery.[2]

A drawing of a battle in the Haitian Revolution


  1. Popović, Alexandre (1999). The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq in the 3rd/9th Century. Markus Wiener Publishers. ISBN 978-1-55876-162-9.
  2. Gaffield, Julia. "Haiti was the first nation to permanently ban slavery". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-11-17.