Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Leader of Haitian Revolution and first ruler of independent Haiti (1758-1806)

Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Haitian Creole: Jan-Jak Desalin; French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ ʒak dɛsalin]; 20 September 1758 – 17 October 1806), was one of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of Independent Haiti under the Constitution of 1805.[1] Jacques would permanently end slavery in Haiti, he was named Emperor of Haiti by the leaders of the Revolution until his assassination in 1806; he is considered one of the founding fathers of Haiti.[2] He is regarded as one of the founding fathers of Haiti.[3]

Jacques I
Emperor of Haiti
Reign2 September 1804 – 17 October 1806
Coronation8 October 1804
Governor-General of Haiti
In office1 January 1804 - 2 September 1804
Born(1758-09-20)20 September 1758
Cormier, Grande-Rivière-du-Nord, Saint-Domingue
Died17 October 1806(1806-10-17) (aged 48)
Pont Larnage (now Pont Rouge), near Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Burial17 October 1806 by Dédée Bazile
SpouseMarie-Claire Heureuse Félicité
Full name
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Coat of arms

In an act of genocide, he would provoke the Massacre in Haiti of 1804, where around 3,000 to 5,000 people would die, excluding the Polish Legionaries.

References change

  1. Philippe R. Girard (2011). The Slaves Who Defeated Napoleon: Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian War of Independence 1801–1804. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 978-0-8173-1732-4
  2. "Gazette Politique et Commecial D'Haïti" (PDF). P. Roux, Imprimeur de L’Empreur. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. "Independent Haiti". Retrieved 27 November 2006.

Other websites change