Kingdom of Great Britain

historical constitutional monarchy in Western Europe (1707–1801)

The Kingdom of Great Britain, named in the Acts of Union 1707 as Great Britain and described as the "United Kingdom of Great Britain" and "One Kingdom",[1] was a state in the British Isles in Western Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800. It was created by joining the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, under the Acts of Union, to create a single kingdom that took in the whole of the island of Great Britain and many islands around it. A new single parliament and government, based in Westminster in London, controlled the new country. The two earlier kingdoms of Scotland and England had been in a personal union, sharing the same head of state since James VI, King of Scots, became King of England in 1603 following the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

Kingdom of Great Britain

Flag of Great Britain
Royal coat of arms of Great Britain
Royal coat of arms
Motto: Dieu et mon droit
(French: "God and my right")1
Territory of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Territory of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Common languagesEnglish (throughout)
Welsh (Wales)
Scots (Scotland)
Scottish Gaelic (Scotland)
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• 1707–1714
• 1714–1727
George I
• 1727–1760
George II
• 1760–1801
George III
Prime Minister 
• 1721–1742
Robert Walpole
• 1783–1801
William Pitt the Younger
House of Lords
House of Commons
1 May 1707
31 December 1800
1801230,977 km2 (89,181 sq mi)
• 1801
CurrencyPound sterling
ISO 3166 codeGB
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Scotland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1 The Royal motto used in Scotland was [Nemo Me Impune Lacessit] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help) (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").

In 1801, by the Act of Union 1800, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland were joined together into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the putting down of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.

Kings and queensEdit


  1. Act of Union 1707, Article 2.
Preceded by:
Kingdom of England
c 927–30 April 1707
Kingdom of Scotland
c 843–30 April 1707
Kingdom of Great Britain
1 May 1707 – 31 December 1800
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1 January 1801–5 December 1922