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Kingdom of Scotland

historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles from the 9th century and up to 1707

The Kingdom of Scotland was a historic country. It later combined with the Kingdom of England to become the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Kingdom of Scotland
Rìoghachd na h-Alba  (Gaelic )
Kinrick o Scotland  (Scots)

Flag Royal coat of arms
Nemo me impune lacessit  (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   (Gaelic)
'"Wha daur meddle wi me?"'  (Scots)
Capital Edinburgh¹
Language(s) Gaelic, Scots
Government Monarchy
 - 843-858 Kenneth I
 - 1567–1625 James VI
 - 1702-1707 Anne
Legislature Parliament of Scotland
 - United 843
 - Lothian and Strathclyde incorporated 1124 (confirmed Treaty of York, 1237)
 - Galloway incorporated 1234/5
 - Hebrides, Isle of Man and Caithness incorporated 1266 (Treaty of Perth)
 - Orkney and Shetland annexed 1472
 - Acts of Union May 1, 1707
Currency Pound Scots (Pund)
¹ By the early modern era established at Edinburgh, and before that Scone & various.

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