Kingdom of Scotland

historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles from the 9th century and up to 1707

The Kingdom of Scotland was a historic country and state. It started in the Early Middle Ages and was in existence until the Early Modern Period.

Kingdom of Scotland

Rìoghachd na h-Alba  (Gaelic )
Kinrick o Scotland  (Scots)
843–1707
Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit  (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   (Gaelic)
'"Wha daur meddle wi me?"'  (Scots)
CapitalEdinburgh¹
Common languagesGaelic, Scots
GovernmentMonarchy
Monarch 
• 843–858
Kenneth I
• 1567–1625
James VI
• 1702–1707
Anne
LegislatureParliament of Scotland
History 
• United
843
• Lothian and Strathclyde incorporated
1124 (confirmed Treaty of York, 1237)
• Galloway incorporated
1234/5
• Hebrides, Isle of Man and Caithness incorporated
1266 (Treaty of Perth)
• Orkney and Shetland annexed
1472
1 May 1707
CurrencyPound Scots (Pund)
ISO 3166 codeGB-SCT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Picts
Kingdom of Great Britain
¹ By the early modern era established at Edinburgh, and before that Scone & various.

After 1603, it had the same monarch as the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Ireland. In 1653, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, the government of Oliver Cromwell made Scotland into part of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland: a republic. However, at The Restoration, Scotland started again to be a kingdom. It combined with the Kingdom of England to become the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.

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