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Kingdom of Scotland

historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles from the 9th century and up to 1707

The Kingdom of Scotland was a historic country. It later combined with the Kingdom of England to become the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Kingdom of Scotland

Rìoghachd na h-Alba  (Gaelic )
Kinrick o Scotland  (Scots)
843–1707
Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit  (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   (Gaelic)
'"Wha daur meddle wi me?"'  (Scots)
CapitalEdinburgh¹
Common languagesGaelic, Scots
GovernmentMonarchy
Monarch 
• 843-858
Kenneth I
• 1567–1625
James VI
• 1702-1707
Anne
LegislatureParliament of Scotland
History 
• United
843
• Lothian and Strathclyde incorporated
1124 (confirmed Treaty of York, 1237)
• Galloway incorporated
1234/5
• Hebrides, Isle of Man and Caithness incorporated
1266 (Treaty of Perth)
• Orkney and Shetland annexed
1472
May 1 1707
CurrencyPound Scots (Pund)
ISO 3166 codeGB-SCT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Picts
Kingdom of Great Britain
¹ By the early modern era established at Edinburgh, and before that Scone & various.

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