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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1927

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927. It was formed by the merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself a merger of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland) and the Kingdom of Ireland. Its name was changed in 1927 after the majority of Ireland left the UK in 1922 and became the sovereign Irish Free State, thus leaving only six counties in the north within the UK and negating the reason for the 1801 Act of Union.

United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922¹
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: Dieu et mon droit  (French
"God and my right"
Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1922
Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1922
CapitalLondon
Common languagesEnglish³
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Monarch 
• 1801–1820
George III
• 1820–1830
George IV
• 1830–1837
William IV
• 1837–1901
Victoria
• 1901–1910
Edward VII
• 1910–1927 (cont.)
George V
Prime Minister 
• 1801–1801
William Pitt the Younger
• 1924–1927 (cont.)
Stanley Baldwin
LegislatureParliament
House of Lords
House of Commons
History 
1 January 1801
6 December 1922
12 April 1927
Area
1801315,093 km2 (121,658 sq mi)
1921315,093 km2 (121,658 sq mi)
Population
• 1801
16345646
• 1921
42769196
CurrencyPound sterling
ISO 3166 codeGB
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Ireland
United Kingdom
Irish Free State
1 The Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, but this fact was not reflected in the long-form name of United Kingdom until Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927. The current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is universally accepted to be a direct continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and should not be imagined to be a break from it or a new state formed after it.
² The Royal motto used in Scotland was [Nemo Me Impune Lacessit] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help) (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").
³ In addition to English (official status established by precedent), Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Welsh were spoken regionally.

List of monarchsEdit

Though the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland came to an end in 1922, the monarch continued to use the title of King or Queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1927.

Related pagesEdit

Other websitesEdit

Preceded by:
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1801
Kingdom of Ireland
1541–1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1922–present
Irish Free State
1922–1937