Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. She was born to a German princess and an English prince. She became Queen of the United Kingdom Great Britain at the age of 18 after her uncle King William IV died. She inherited the throne because her father's three elder brothers died without leaving any legitimate children.
|Queen of the United Kingdom |
|Reign||20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901|
|Coronation||28 June 1838|
|Empress of India|
|Reign||1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901|
|Imperial Durbar||1 January 1877|
|Born||Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent|
24 May 1819
Kensington Palace, London, England
|Died||22 January 1901 (aged 81)|
Osborne House, Isle of Wight, England
|Burial||4 February 1901|
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(m. 1840; died 1861)
|Father||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn|
|Mother||Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
She was taught by her governess, Louise Lehzen, and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, drawing, horse riding and singing. She had lessons as a child from the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano. She kept a regular diary throughout her life.
Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert, in 1840. He supported science, trade and art in Britain. Victoria and Albert had nine children. They believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example.
The Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace opened in 1851. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition showed the success of British people in Victorian times.
In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria stayed away from public life.
Britain became more powerful in the following years, and in 1877, Victoria got the title 'Empress of India'. Victoria was very interested in India, but she never went there to the subcontinent. Her son went there instead.
In 1897, Victoria celebrated 60 years of being monarch. This surpassed her grandfather King George III. She was queen for 63 years, seven months longer than any other king or queen of Britain. People called her the 'grandmother of Europe' because many of Victoria's children became kings, princes and princesses of other countries.
After her died from a brain haemorrhage, her son Albert Edward became King Edward VII became King of the United Kingdom and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 to 6 May 1910.
|Victoria of the United Kingdom||Father:
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
George III of the United Kingdom
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
- ↑ Arnstein, Walter L. "Victoria, Queen of Great Britain." Europe 1789-1914, Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry & Empire. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 10 June 2014.
- Queen Victoria Citizendium