Sir Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford was a British politician. He is regarded by many as the first de facto Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (then called Great Britain). The position of prime minister was not actually official at that time.
The Rt Hon. Sir Robert Walpole
|Prime Minister of Great Britain|
4 April 1721 – 11 February 1742
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Wilmington|
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
12 October 1715 – 15 April 1717
3 April 1721-12 February 1742
|Preceded by||Richard Onslow|
|Succeeded by||James Stanhope|
|Born||26 August 1676|
|Died||18 March 1745 (aged 68)|
Walpole He was born in Houghton, Norfolk on 26 August 1676. He died on 18 March 1745. Historians think he became England's first Prime Minister in 1721. He was then Prime Minister for a longer time than anyone who came after him. This long time is sometimes called "the robinocracy" (Robin is a common version of Robert).
Although the exact dates of Walpole's dominance are not entirely clear, the period 1721–1742 is often used. He dominated the Walpole–Townshend ministry, as well as the subsequent Walpole ministry, and holds the record as the longest-serving British prime minister in history.
W.A. Speck wrote that Walpole's uninterrupted run of 20 years as Prime Minister "is rightly regarded as one of the major feats of British political history... Explanations are usually offered in terms of his expert handling of the political system after 1720, [and] his unique blending of the surviving powers of the crown with the increasing influence of the Commons".
- Speck W.A. 1977. Stability and strife: England 1714–1760, p203.