List of Scottish monarchs

Scottish monarchs until 1707
(Redirected from Queen of Scotland)

This is a list of the Kings and Queens of Scotland. This list goes from 843 until when England and Scotland joined in 1707.

Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Scotland before 1603
William Wallace.

House of Alpin change

 
Indulf, king of Scots (954-962)

The House of Alpin traditionally ends in 1034, although this list continues to 1058.

House of Dunkeld change

 
Arms of Scotland: Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counterflory gules

The House of Dunkeld may have begun in 1034.

First Interregnum 1290–1292 change

Guardians of Scotland

House of Balliol change

 
John Balliol, king of Scots, installed by Edward I Longshanks (1292-1296)

Second Interregnum 1296–1306 change

Guardians of Scotland

House of Bruce change

House of Balliol change

  • Edward Balliol (1329 – 1363)
     
    Oliver Cromwell and possibly his son Richard, lord protector of England & Scotland from 1649 to 1658 and 1653-1658, executed King Charles I. His son followed for under a year from 1658 to 1659. (August-May). The monarchy was restored in 1660 with king Charles II.

House of Stewart (Stuart) change

Disputed or unrecognized claims change

Note: there have been other claims to the Scottish throne besides these

  • Margaret, the Maid of Norway was unrecognized by some Scots (ruled 1286-1290)
  • Henry Lord Darnley proclaimed himself king in 1565 as Henry I of Scotland (ruled 1565-1567)
  • Charles II claimed to rule even during Oliver & Richard Cromwell's reigns (ruled 1649-1685)
  • James VII was recognized by France to rule after his deposal (ruled 1685-1702)

Related pages change

  • In 1707, England and Scotland joined. For Kings and Queens after 1707, see British monarchs. The same monarchs had ruled Scotland, England, and Ireland since James VI and the Union of the Crowns in 1603.