Santiago Ramón y Cajal

Spanish scientist (1852-1934)

Santiago Ramón y Cajal 1 May 1852 – 18 October 1934) was a Spanish doctor.[1] He shared the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Camillo Golgi for their work on the anatomy of the nervous system.[2]

Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Born1 May 1852
DiedOctober 18, 1934
Alma materUniversity of Saragossa
Known forAnatomy of the brain
AwardsNobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1906)
Scientific career
InstitutionsMadrid University, Madrid, Spain

Ramón y Cajal worked on thin slices of brain tissue which were laid on microscope slides and stained with silver. The stain was invented by Golgi, who shared the Nobel Prize with him.

Ramón y Cajal's investigations of the microscopic structure of the brain were original: he is considered by many to be the father of modern neuroscience. He was skilled at drawing, and hundreds of his illustrations of brain cells are still used for educational purposes today.[3]


  1. "Biography of Santiago Ramón y Cajal". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  2. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2007-07-28.
  3. "History of Neuroscience". Society for Neuroscience. Retrieved 2008-10-09.