former duchy held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in today's Bavaria, Germany

Saxe-Coburg (German: Sachsen-Coburg) was a country in today's Bavaria, Germany. It was part of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach after the Division of Erfurt in 1572. In 1596 Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach was split, Johann Casimir got Saxe-Coburg and Johann Ernst got Saxe-Eisenach. When Casimir died in 1633, his brother Ernst of Saxe-Eisenach both countries until he died in 1638. Saxe-Coburg was then given to other Ernestine duchies.

Duchy of Saxe-Coburg
Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg
1572 – 1633
1680 – 1735
Saxe-Coburg, shown with the other Ernestine duchies
Saxe-Coburg, shown with the other Ernestine duchies
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Division of Erfurt
• Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha
1572 1572
• Annexed to Saxe-Eisenach
• Re-partitioned from Saxe-Gotha
• United with Saalfeld
August 6 1699
• Duchy renamed on Imperial decision of Ernestine succession
1735 1735
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Image missing Saxe-Gotha
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Image missing

It became again a duchy in 1681. From 1699, when Albrecht of Saxe-Coburg died without sons until 1735 it shared a ruler with the Duke of Saxe-Saalfeld. In 1735 the two duchies were merged as Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.