The Senate (French: Sénat; pronunciation: [seˈna]) is the upper house of the French Parliament. It represents territorial collectivities of the Republic and French citizens living abroad. The Senate does not have as much power as the lower house, the directly elected National Assembly. Senators had been elected in thirds every three years; this was also changed to one half of their number every three years.
- "Les groupes politiques". Senat.fr. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.