Shahada

Islamic creed declaring belief in monotheism and Muhammad's prophethood (also referencing Ali in Shia versions)

The Shahadah (Arabic: ٱلشَّهَادَة‎, About this soundaudio ) is the first pillar of Islam. The Quranist or ahl al-Quran shahadah comes from surah 3:18. It says Ashhadu an la ilaha illa 'llah, meaning I bear witness there is no lord but Allah. The Sunni Saying is "Lā ʾIlāha ʾIllā Allah, Muḥammadun Rasūl Allah", meaning "There no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God". This means the shahada has differences between the Quraniyoon sect, the Sunnism sect and the Shia sect.[1]

QuranistEdit

The Quranist sources comes from verse 3:18 of the Quran. It states: "God bears witness that there is no other god besides Him, and so do the angels and those who possess knowledge."

SunniEdit

  • أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّٰهُ
  • وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ ٱللَّٰهِ
  • I bear witness that there is no god but God
  • And I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God[2]

ShiaEdit

In addition to the first two testimonies, Shia Muslims may also recite the third testimony of:

  • وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ عَلِيًّا وَلِيُّ ٱللَّٰهِ
  • And I bear witness that Ali is the vicegerent of God

A single honest recitation of the shahadah in Arabic is all that is required for a person to become a Muslim according to most traditional schools of Islam.

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Later Mughals by William Irvine p. 130
  2. "USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts". Retrieved 2006-09-12.

Other websitesEdit