prejudice, hatred of, discrimination or violence directed against Shia Muslims

Anti-Shi'ism (pronounced: Anti, She, ism) or Shiaphobia is the prejudice against or hatred of Shia Muslims.[1][2] Shia Muslims make up somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of Muslims worldwide.[3] Sunni Islam and Shia Islam split because the two groups have different beliefs about the type of person that could become a caliph, a top leader of Muslim peoples. Shias believed the leader should be related to the Prophet Muhammad.[4] Sunnis believed the leader should be chosen for his ability to lead the community ( it's not because the leader should be related but because the prophet Mohammed said in the ghadeer that Ali will be the leader after him which they didn't follow.[4]

The two groups have lived together peacefully for centuries.[4] Shia and Sunni have not only lived together they have intermarried in many cases.[5] But modern politics and recent events have sparked new fighting between the two groups.[6] Modern Anti-Shi'ism violence is just a part of the overall conflict.[7] It is one result of the collapse of authoritarian rule in the region.[7]


  1. "Anti-Shi'ism". Shia Rights Watch. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  2. Kedourie, Elie (April 1988). "Anti-Shi'ism in Iraq under the Monarchy". Middle Eastern Studies. 24 (2): 249–253. doi:10.1080/00263208808700740.
  3. Alan Williams (19 August 2014). "Word of the week: Anti-Shi'ism". Communities Digital News LLC. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Mike Schuster (12 February 2007). "The Origins Of The Shiite-Sunni Split". NPR. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  5. Peter Beaumont (8 June 2013). "Conflict in the Middle East is about more than just religion". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  6. Alyssa Fetini (16 September 2009). "Understanding the Sunni-Shi'ite Divide". Time Inc. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Nasr, Vali 2006. The Shia revival: how conflicts within Islam will shape the future. W.W. Norton, pp. 52-53. ISBN 978-0-393-06211-3