Shimōsa Province

province of Japan

Shimōsa Province (下総国, Shimōsa no Kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Chiba Prefecture and Ibaraki Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1] It was also known as Sōshū (総州) or Hokusō (北総).

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Shimōsa Province highlighted

The province had borders with Kazusa Province to the south, Musashi and Kōzuke Provinces to the west, and Hitachi and Shimotsuke Provinces to the north.


View of Shimōsa Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1856-1858

Shimōsa was part of a larger territory known as Fusa Province (総国 or 捄国, Fusa-no-kuni). Fusa which was divided into Kazusa and Shimōsa during the reign of Emperor Kōtoku (645-654).

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Shimōsa Province were reformed in the 1870s.[2]

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Katori jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Shimōsa. [3]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shimōsa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 862.
  2. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  3. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-1-17.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Shimosa Province at Wikimedia Commons