Chiba Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Chiba Prefecture (千葉県, Chiba-ken) is a Japanese prefecture in the Kantō region on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Chiba City.[2]

Chiba Prefecture
Japanese: 千葉県
Chiba-ken
Map of Japan with Chiba highlighted
Capital Chiba
Region Kantō
Island Honshū
Governor Kensaku Morita
Area (rank) 5,156.15 km² (27th)
 - % water 0.8%
Population  (2008)
 - Population 6,122,000 (6th)
 - Density 1,187 /km²
Districts 6
Municipalities 56
ISO 3166-2 JP-12
Website http://www.pref.chiba.lg.jp/
english/index.html
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Rape blossom
 - Tree Kusamaki
 - Bird Meadow Bunting
 - Fish Seabream
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
TemplateDiscussion
Flag of Chiba Prefecture.svg

The sixth most populous prefecture, and 27th largest by land area.

HistoryEdit

Chiba Prefecture is made from the old province of Awa, Kazusa and Shimōsa.[3]

GeographyEdit

Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo and Saitama Prefecture to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tokyo Bay around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Bōsō Peninsula, a rice farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current flows near Chiba, which keeps it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.

CitiesEdit

There are thirty-six cities in Chiba Prefecture:

‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.

Towns and villagesEdit

 
Boso Peninsula
 
Map of Chiba Prefecture

These are the towns and villages in each district:

District Municipality
Awa District Kyonan
Chōsei District Chōnan
Chōsei
Ichinomiya
Mutsuzawa
Nagara
Shirako
Inba District Sakae
Shisui
District Municipality
Isumi District Onjuku
Ōtaki
Katori District Kōzaki
Tako
Tōnoshō
Sanbu District Kujūkuri
Ōamishirasato
Shibayama
Yokoshibahikari

National ParksEdit

National Parks are established in about 6% of the total land area of the prefecture.[4]

EconomyEdit

Chiba is one of Japan's biggest industrial areas. This is because it has a long coastline on Tokyo Bay. Chiba was chosen as the place for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950. The prefectural government started a very big land reclamation program. They filled in the water areas to make big, new waterfront properties for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba. They are 45% of Chiba's exports. In recent years, the government has given more than eighty industrial parks money. This is to bring development further inland.

Chiba also has the second-highest farming output in Japan. Only Hokkaidō makes more farm products.Chiba makes more vegetables than Hokkaidō. Seaweed is harvested in big amounts from Tokyo Bay.

CultureEdit

 
Sunset over Chiba, with Yokoshibahikari and Sosa visible.

Chiba in popular cultureEdit

SportsEdit

Two major Japanese sport events happen in Chiba each year: the International Chiba Ekiden and the Chiba International Cross Country.

These sports teams are based in Chiba.

FootballEdit

BaseballEdit

RugbyEdit

TransportationEdit

Most Tokyo-bound visitors going to Tokyo arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport, which is situated in Narita in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway's Narita Express and the Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.

RailwayEdit

TourismEdit

The Tokyo Disney Resort is in Urayasu near the western border of the prefecture.

The Kamogawa Sea World is a large scale comprehensive marine leisure center/museum equivalent facility located between the Tojo coast and the national highway No. 128 in Kamogawa city.

There are several tourist sites on the Bōsō Peninsula, such as Mount Nokogiri; Kujūkuri Beach; and Onjuku Beach.

Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines; the main ones are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.

Prefectural symbolsEdit

Chiba is famous for peanuts. Most of Japan's peanuts are harvested in this prefecture and are also processed into peanut oil.[source?]

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Awa jinja and Tamasaki jinja are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [5]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chiba prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 109.
  2. Nussbaum, "Chiba" at p. 109.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Retrieved 2012-3-13.
  5. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2. Retrieved 2012-3-14.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Chiba prefecture at Wikimedia Commons