It is a non-venomous colubrid species found in northern and central Europe, and as far east as northern Iran. In contrast to many other snakes, their scales are flat (not keeled). This gives the snake a smooth texture to the touch, from which it gets its common name.
The smooth snake feeds on smaller animals, especially other reptiles. It subdues larger prey by constriction, although unlike true constrictors it does not actually kill by this method. It reproduces by laying eggs, which are buried in sand in a warm place.
- Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Rastko Ajtic, Milan Vogrin, Claudia Corti, Valentin Pérez Mellado, Paulo Sá-Sousa, Marc Cheylan, Juan Pleguezuelos, Alexander Westerström, Cornelius C. De Haan, Varol Tok, Bartosz Borczyk, Bogoljub Sterijovski, Benedikt Schmidt (2009). "Coronella austriaca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 20 January 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Species Coronella austriaca at The Reptile Database
- Street D. 1979. The reptiles of northern and central Europe. London: B.T. Batsford. 268 pp. ISBN 0-7134-1374-3.
- Surrey Amphibian and Reptile Group smooth snake page