Solidarity (Polish trade union)

Polish trade union federation

Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność, pronounced [sɔliˈdarnɔɕt͡ɕ] (audio speaker iconlisten); full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność" [ɲezaˈlɛʐnɨ samɔˈʐɔndnɨ ˈzvjɔ̃zɛk zavɔˈdɔvɨ sɔliˈdarnɔɕt͡ɕ]) is a Polish trade union that began on 17 September 1980. It started at the Gdańsk Shipyard. Its first leader was Lech Wałęsa.[1] It was the first trade union in a Warsaw Pact country that was not controlled by the Communist Party. It had 10 million members.[2][3] This was one third of the number of people who worked in Poland.[4] Solidarity helped Poland have fairer elections. These elections were important as the country became less communist.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Divided Poland falls out over Solidarity". the Guardian. 2009-05-30. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  2. (in Polish) 30 lat po Sierpniu'80: "Solidarność zakładnikiem własnej historii" Archived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 7 June 2011
  3. (in Polish) Duda za Śniadka? by Maciej Sandecki and Marek Wąs, Gazeta Wyborcza of 24 August 2010
  4. (in Polish) „Solidarność" a systemowe przekształcenia Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej Archived 2013-08-07 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 7 June 2011