Solidarity (Polish trade union)
Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność, pronounced [sɔliˈdarnɔɕt͡ɕ] (listen); full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity" – Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność" [ɲezaˈlɛʐnɨ samɔˈʐɔndnɨ ˈzvjɔ̃zɛk zavɔˈdɔvɨ sɔliˈdarnɔɕt͡ɕ]) is a Polish trade union that began on 17 September 1980. It started at the Gdańsk Shipyard. Its first leader was Lech Wałęsa. It was the first trade union in a Warsaw Pact country that was not controlled by the Communist Party. It had 10 million members. This was one third of the number of people who worked in Poland. Solidarity helped Poland have fairer elections. These elections were important as the country became less communist.
- "Divided Poland falls out over Solidarity". the Guardian. 2009-05-30. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- (in Polish) 30 lat po Sierpniu'80: "Solidarność zakładnikiem własnej historii" Archived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 7 June 2011
- (in Polish) Duda za Śniadka? by Maciej Sandecki and Marek Wąs, Gazeta Wyborcza of 24 August 2010
- (in Polish) „Solidarność" a systemowe przekształcenia Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej Archived 2013-08-07 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 7 June 2011