Spaniel

dog type

A spaniel is a type of gun dog. Spaniels were especially bred in the 1700's in Great Britain to flush game birds out of thick bushes[1] There are many types of spaniel dogs, the most popular ones are the Cocker Spaniel, the English Springer Spaniel, the Field Spaniel and the Welsh Springer Spaniel.

Types of SpanielEdit

Recent speciesEdit

Type of Spaniel Also known as Country/region of origin Min. height Max. height Min. weight Max. weight Image
American Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
(in the United States)
United States 13 in (33 cm) 15 in (38 cm) 24 lb (11 kg) 29 lb (13 kg)[2]  
American Water Spaniel United States 15 in (38 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 25 lb (11 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[3]  
Blue Picardy Spaniel Epagneul Bleu de Picardie France 22 in (56 cm) 24 in (61 cm)[4] 43 lb (20 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[5]  
Boykin Spaniel United States 15 in (38 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 25 lb (11 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[6]  
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel England 12 in (30 cm) 13 in (33 cm) 13 lb (5.9 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)[7]  
Clumber Spaniel England 17 in (43 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 85 lb (39 kg)[8]  
Drentse Patrijshond Dutch Partridge Dog Netherlands 21.5 in (55 cm) 25.5 in (65 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 77 lb (35 kg)[9]  
English Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
(In the United Kingdom)
England 15 in (38 cm) 17 in (43 cm) 26 lb (12 kg) 34 lb (15 kg)[10]  
English Springer Spaniel England 19 in (48 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 40 lb (18 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[11]  
Field Spaniel England 17 in (43 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[12]  
German Spaniel Deutscher Wachtelhund Germany 16 in (41 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 44 lb (20 kg) 66 lb (30 kg)[13]  
Irish Water Spaniel Whiptail, Shannon Spaniel, Rat Tail Spaniel, and Bog Dog Ireland 21 in (53 cm) 24 in (61 cm) 45 lb (20 kg) 65 lb (29 kg)[14]  
King Charles Spaniel English Toy Spaniel
(in the United States)
England 9 in (23 cm) 10 in (25 cm) 6 lb (2.7 kg) 12 lb (5.4 kg)[15]  
Kooikerhondje Netherlands 14 in (36 cm) 16 in (41 cm) 20 lb (9.1 kg) 24 lb (11 kg)[16]  
Markiesje Dutch tulip dog Netherlands 12.5 in (32 cm) 15.5 in (39 cm) 13 lb (5.9 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)  
Papillon Continental Toy Spaniel,
Épagneul Nain Continental
France 8 in (20 cm) 11 in (28 cm)[17] 5 lb (2.3 kg) 10 lb (4.5 kg)[18]  
Phalène Continental Toy Spaniel,
Épagneul Nain Continental
Belgium 8 in (20 cm) 11 in (28 cm) 5 lb (2.3 kg) 10 lb (4.5 kg)[19]  
Picardy Spaniel Épagneul Picard France 22 in (56 cm) 23.5 in (60 cm) 44 lb (20 kg) 55 lb (25 kg)[20]  
Pont-Audemer Spaniel Épagneul Pont-Audemer France 20 in (51 cm) 23 in (58 cm)[21] 40 lb (18 kg) 53 lb (24 kg)[22]  
Russian Spaniel Russian hunting spaniel

(Русский охотничий спаниель)

Russia 15 in (38 cm) 17 in (43 cm) 28 lb (13 kg) 40 lb (18 kg)[23]  
Stabyhoun Frisian Pointer dog Netherlands 19.6 in (50 cm) 21 in (53 cm) 30 lb (14 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[24]  
Sussex Spaniel England 13 in (33 cm) 15 in (38 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 44 lb (20 kg)[25]  
Welsh Springer Spaniel Wales 17 in (43 cm) 19 in (48 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 55 lb (25 kg)[26]  

ExtinctEdit

Type of Spaniel Country/region of origin Period of extinction Image
Alpine Spaniel Switzerland 1830s  
English Water Spaniel England 1930s  
Norfolk Spaniel England 1902  
Toy Trawler Spaniel United Kingdom 1920s  
Tweed Water Spaniel England 19th century  

Wrongly namedEdit

The following types are not spaniels. They are called spaniels as they looked like spaniels.

Type of Spaniel Also known as Country/region of origin Min. height Max. height Min. weight Max. weight Image
Japanese Chin Japanese Spaniel Japan 09 in (23 cm) 10 in (25 cm) 04 lb (1.8 kg) 11 lb (5.0 kg)[27]  
Pekingese Chinese Spaniel[28] China 08 in (20 cm) 09 in (23 cm) 08 lb (3.6 kg) 14 lb (6.4 kg)[29]  
Tibetan Spaniel Tibet[30] 09 in (23 cm) 11 in (28 cm) 09 lb (4.1 kg) 15 lb (6.8 kg)[31]  




ReferencesEdit

  1. Goodall and Gasow, The New Complete English Springer Spaniel, 1984.
  2. Fogle (2006): p. 152
  3. Palika (2007): p. 131
  4. "Blue Picardy Spaniel - Breed Description and Information". Canada's Guide to Dogs. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
  5. Fogle (2006): p. 230
  6. Palika (2007): p. 172
  7. Coile, D. Caroline (2008). Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (2nd ed.). Barron's Educational Series. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7641-3771-6.
  8. Smith (2002): p. 128
  9. Cunliffe, Juliette (1999). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. Parragon. p. 323. ISBN 0-7525-8018-3.
  10. Lambert, Cathy. Getting to Know English Cockers. Animalinfo Publications. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-921537-15-8.
  11. Smith (2002): p. 134
  12. Palika (2007): p. 237
  13. Fogle (2006): p. 344
  14. Palika (2007): p. 269
  15. Palika (2007): p. 232
  16. Larkin, Peter (2003). The Essential Dog Book. Anness Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-681-86485-6.
  17. Hungerland, Jacklyn E. (2003). Papillons. Barron's Educational Series. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7641-2419-8.
  18. Palika (2007): p. 311
  19. "Breed Information: Phalene". Purina Care: Pet Health Library. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
  20. "Picardy Spaniel Information". Sarah's Dogs. Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  21. Cunliffe, Juliette (2005). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds (2nd ed.). Whitecap Books. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-7641-5700-4.
  22. Wilcox, Bonnie; Walkowicz, Chris (1995). Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World (5th ed.). TFH Publications. p. 383. ISBN 978-0-7938-1284-4.
  23. Cunliffe, Juliette (1999). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. Parragon. p. 347. ISBN 0-7525-8018-3.
  24. "Ameri-Can Stabyhoun Association". stabyhouns.org. Archived from the original on 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
  25. Spiotta-DiMare, Loren (1999). The Sporting Spaniel Handbook. Barron's Educational Series. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-7641-0884-6.
  26. Smith (2002): p. 122
  27. Fogle (2006): p. 67
  28. Drury, W.D. (1903). "Chapter LVIII. Chinese Spaniels, Chinese Pugs or Pekinese Spaniels, Pekinese Pugs". British Dogs, Their Points, Selection, And Show Preparation. Charles Scribner's Sons. Archived from the original on 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  29. Palika (2007): p. 315
  30. "FCI-Standard N° 231 / 11. 05. 1998 / GB Tibetan Spaniel". Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Archived from the original on 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
  31. Palika (2007): p. 375