Strasbourg is a city in eastern France, the prefecture of Grand Est. Today, about 275,000 people live there (with around 780,000 in the metropolitan area). It lies on the left bank of the Rhine, opposite the German city of Kehl.
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Roland Ries (PS)|
|78.26 km2 (30.22 sq mi)|
|• Urban||224 km2 (86 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,351.5 km2 (521.8 sq mi)|
(1 January 2014)2
|• Rank||7th in France|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||0388, 0390, 0368|
|Elevation||132–151 m (433–495 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The city was founded in 12 BC by Drusus, the brother of Tiberius. Its Celtic name was Argentorate (which the Romans called Argentoratum). People think this name is linked to the river Ill (that flows into the Rhine near Strasbourg).
At that time, it was on the Limes, a fortification the Romans built across Europe (to keep out the Germanic tribes). There was a fortification (named castella drusi, drusus fort) at that spot. Soldiers need to live from something, so a local civilian settlement developed there. Later, the Limes was pushed farther east.
- Only the part of the urban area on French territory.
- "Populations légales 2014 des communes du département" (PDF). insee.fr. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- "AUnité urbaine de Strasbourg (partie française) (67701)". insee.fr. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Aire urbaine de Strasbourg (partie française) (009)". insee.fr. Retrieved 25 July 2016.