Subhas Chandra Bose

Indian nationalist leader, politician, and Indian freedom fighter (1897-1945)

Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian freedom fighter and one of the causes to Indian freedom. He was known as Netaji. He was the President of Indian National Congress (INC) from 1938 to 1939. He attempted to get rid of British rule in India during World War II with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan.

Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose NRB.jpg
In office
21 October 1943 – 18 August 1945
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byOffice abolished
President of the Indian National Congress
In office
Preceded byJawaharlal Nehru
Succeeded byRajendra Prasad
Personal details
Born(1897-01-23)23 January 1897
Cuttack, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Odisha, India)
Political party
Spouse(s)Emilie Schenkl
ChildrenAnita Bose Pfaff
MotherPrabhavati Dutt
FatherJanakinath Bose
Alma mater
Known forIndian nationalism
SignatureSignature of Subhas Chandra Bose


Netaji's attempt was successful. He was also recognised as the person who founded the Azad Hind Army or Indian National Army with the help of Japan in 1942.

He was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack and forged his death in a plane crash in Taiwan in 1945. Also many Indians believed that he didn't die that time. The Government of West Bengal submitted many false pieces of evidence that he was not alive after the plane crash.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Wolpert 2000, p. 339.
  2. Morris, Shimazu & Vickers 2014, p. 195 onwards.


  1. "Tojo turned over all his Indian POWs to Bose's command, and in October 1943 Bose announced the creation of a Provisional Government of Azad ('Free') India, of which he became head of state, prime minister, minister of war, and minister of foreign affairs. Some two million Indians were living in Southeast Asia when the Japanese seized control of that region, and these emigrees were the first 'citizens' of that government, founded under the 'protection' of Japan and headquartered on the 'liberated' Andaman Islands. Bose declared war on the United States and Great Britain the day after his government was established."[1]
  2. Azad Hind was a provisional government formed to liberate India with Japanese support, and based initially in the Japanese occupied Andaman Islands and later in Japanese occupied Singapore during World War II.[a][1][2]

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