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family of fishes
(Redirected from Surgeonfish)

Acanthuridae is the family of surgeonfish, tangs, and unicornfish.

Sohal surgeonfish, Acanthurus sohal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Acanthuroidei
Family: Acanthuridae [1]
Bonaparte, 1832

The family includes about 86 living species. It is made up of marine fish living in tropical seas, usually around coral reefs. Many of the species are brightly colored and popular for aquaria.

One of the characteristics of this family is that they have spines on the tail (also known as "thorn tail").[2]


Most species of the family are of small size, between 15-40 cm (6-15 in), but the genera Prionorus or Naso can be larger.


  1. "Research for Acanthuridae". 22nd October 2016. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel (eds) 2007. Acanthuridae in FishBase. [1]
Acanthurus achilles, from genus Acanthurus
Paracanthurus hepatus, a poison fish.