Syriac language

dialect of Middle Aramaic

Syriac (ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ leššānā Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language. It was spoken long ago in the Fertile Crescent. Most of the Aramaic writing that survives from the second to the eighth century AD is Syriac.

ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ Leššānā Suryāyā
Leššānā Suryāyā in written Syriac (Esṭrangelā script)
Pronunciationlɛʃʃɑːnɑː surjɑːjɑː
RegionUpper Mesopotamia, Eastern Arabia
Era1st century AD; Dramatically declined as a vernacular language after the 14th century; Developed into Northeastern Neo-Aramaic and Central Neo-Aramaic languages after the 12th century.[1]
Syriac abjad
Language codes
ISO 639-2syc Classical Syriac
ISO 639-3syc Classical Syriac
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Syriac Aramaic alphabet
An eleventh-century Syriac manuscript.


  1. Angold 2006, pp. 391

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